Weaving terms - for reference

  • Warp: threads running lengthwise. These are referred to as warp ends.
  • Weft: threads running across the warp. These are referred to weft picks.
  • Ends per cm – e.p.c. (ends per inch – e.p.i.). This refers to the number of warp ends in 1 cm (1 in) of fabric - also called the sett of the fabric, in other words, the number of threads you wind over your loom. (Note that most weavers and suppliers in Britain still use imperial measures.)
  • Shed: the opening in the warps through which the weft passes.
  • Selvedge: the side edges of the weaving in tapestry; this is usually two or more extra threads.
  • Fell: the edge of the cloth that is in the process of being woven.
  • Count: this is a means of expressing the thickness of the yarn. It indicates the length of yarn in relation to its weight.
  • Beater: a wooden or metal comb or fork-like tool, used for forcing the weft down.
  • Haute lisse: high warp – tapestries that are woven on a vertical loom.
  • Basse lisse: low warp – tapestries that are woven on a horizontal or foot loom.
  • Passe: a tapestry term for one row of weaving.

No comments:

Post a Comment